Cultural Belief of Volksgemeinschaft - one has a responsibility to their country
Hitler was a member of military in WWI
November criminals - signed the Treaty of Versailles, forcing Germany to pay all war reparations through the Dawes Plan. The Young Plan was created in 1929 as a replacement to provide Germany with a fixed monetary value to pay and a set number of payments. However, Germany started falling behind on payments as a world depression started, leading to severe debt, resulting in hyperinflation.
Beer hall putsch - failed coup d'état by the Nazi Party in Munich lead by Hitler
Creation of the Secret Army(SA), evading the army size limitation set by Treaty
Hitler placed blame on Jews for the poor economy of Germany
President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor in 1933, fearing civil war otherwise
Night of the Long Knives removed opposition of SA
Beer Hall speeches helped Hitler establish himself as a public figure
Hitler published Mein Kampf that expressed his ideologies
The Reichstag Fire (February 27th, 1933) was a result of arson, supposedly done by Communitst party to incite opposition
Reichstag Fire Decree: suspended civil liberties bc fire posed immediate threat
The Reichstag passed the Enabling Act thst Nazi Party to issue decrees without Parliment approval
Dachau Concentration Camp: where Hitler put his political opposition
Hitler convinced Hindenburg to invoke Article 48 of Weimar Constitution (under special circumstances, allowed president to take emergency measures without prior consent of the Reichstag)
Hindenburg died August 2nd, 1934, so Hitler came to power
Indoctrination of youth increased Nazi support. All non-Jewish boys in Germany were required to be part of the Hitler Youth, the Nazis’ youth arm
School segregation- didn’t allow Jews to study alongside Germans
Invasion of Czechoslovakia and Austria
Nuremberg Laws- deprived Jews and other groups of many opportunities
Holocaust- genocide of Jews
Exit from League of Nations
On the 28 June 1935, the Nazis revised Paragraph 175 (German Criminal Code which banned homosexual contact, extending it to the concept of ‘criminally indecent activities between men’. This allowed authorities to arrest any male suspected on limited or no evidence, which was significant to the radicalization of homosexual persecution by the Nazis.
They eventually began arresting homosexuals, subjecting them to harsh labor, torture, and experimentation.
The idea of racial purity, promoted by the Nazi Party, favored heterosexual, able-bodied, only white Germans. The "Sterilization Law" allowed weeding out so-called genetic defects from the total German gene pool, often without consent or knowledge of the recipient. Victims of this included those with a hereditary disability or of mixed race.
This was followed by the Marriage Law of 1935. It required that all marriages had proof that any resulting offspring would not be afflicted with a disabling hereditary disease or be of mixed descent.
The Nazi regime never passed a formal law about euthansia in order to maintain public image. The murder of patients in mental asylums and other institutions was a secret. The code name was "Operation T4," a reference to the address of the Berlin Chancellery offices that the program was based in.