Born on July 29, 1883, in Verano di Costa, Italy, Benito Mussolini was the son of blacksmith and ardent socialist Alessandro Mussolini and a devout Catholic mother, Rosa Maltoni.
Benito became known as a political journalist and public speaker. He also produced propaganda for a trade union, introducing violence as a way of enforcing policies. Benito was arrested many times before he had even turned 21 for his propaganda and unorthodox political views.
Mussolini split from the Socialist Party in 1914. Starting his own newspaper, he encouraged violence from his supporters as unrest spread across the country.
Mussolini founded the Fascist Party, organizing several right-wing groups into a single force.
He made concessions to the church, agrarians, and industrialists.
He invaded Ethiopia and added the country under the Italian Empire
Mussolini signed the ‘Pact of Steel’ treaty between Italy and Germany
Instituted discrimination policies against the Jews in Italy
Mussolini carried out an extensive public works program
Battles he launched
The Battle for Grain in 1925 to increase grain production to reduce the need for foreign imports, increasing trade barriers - more successful in the North than South
The Battle for Land in 1926 to increase available land by digging marshes and swamps - not successful at all
The Battle for Births in 1927 to increase the population, tax incentives and maternity prizes awarded having many children yet births actually decreased
As a result of several interventions; the fact that industrial production, imports, and exports were down; and unemployment was up
Mussolini facilitated a totalitarian government
He integrated fascism and similar worldviews into school curriculums